What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is often mistaken for acne because the symptoms appear similar at first glance, however, rosacea is a different skin condition that needs a different type of treatment from acne.

Who is At Risk of Rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that usually affect individuals in their 30s or older and may recur over time. The first symptoms usually appear on the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin like that of acne. Other parts of the body such as the eyes, scalp, ears, neck, and chest can also be affected. The skin of the affected individual will appear red, bumpy, and swollen. In some cases, bumps or pimples also appear. In severe cases, rosacea can deform a person’s nose in a condition known as rhinophyma, making it appear lumpy, red, and bulbous.

What are the Symptoms of Rosacea?
You need to consult a dermatologist if you see the following signs: flushing or blushing that comes and goes, redness or sunburnt-like appearance especially on the face, appearance of pimples and bumps that look like acne, stinging or burning pain on the bumps and pimples, and the blood vessels that appear visible on the surface of the skin. You should also look out for the following signs: dry or rough skin, itching and tightness of the skin, eye irritation (bloodshot or watery eyes), skin thickening, swelling of the face or edema, and plaques on the skin.

What are the Types of Rosacea?
There are four types of rosacea that must be identified during your checkup; these are, phymatous rosacea or the thickening of the skin and enlargement of the nose; ocular rosacea that causes dry or swollen eyes and may lead to blindness; erythematotelangiectatic rosacea or redness of the skin; and papulopustular rosacea or redness of the skin and the appearance of pimples and bumps. Some individuals can have one or more types of rosacea at the same time and the severity of each will differ as well.

How is Rosacea Treated?
Before any treatment is recommended, the doctor will have to make sure that the symptoms are not caused by another illness or medical condition. There is no test to determine if it’s rosacea, but the doctor might recommend tests for allergies, lupus, and other conditions. Unfortunately, rosacea cannot be cured, although most treatments are effective at reducing the symptoms. You will have to work with the doctor to find and avoid the triggers of the symptoms, observe the recommended skin care routine, and to protect yourself from the sun because it’s more sensitive than others’ skin. If you want to clear up the marks left by rosacea on your face, the doctor can also recommend several treatments depending on the severity and the location of the symptoms. There are different methods for addressing ocular rosacea, redness, skin breakouts, and thick skin.

How Can You Avoid Maternal Obesity?

Pregnant women are encouraged to eat more than their usual share, that is why they are excused from indulging food cravings and overeating. But these can have consequences on both the mother’s and the baby’s health because obesity increases the risk of pregnancy problems and childbirth complications.

What can you do to avoid gaining too much weight when you’re pregnant?

Complications of Maternal Obesity
Despite the trend of downplaying the effects of obesity among expectant mothers, there is a greater risk of suffering from complications throughout the pregnancy and even during childbirth. Some of the complications include gestational diabetes, overdue pregnancy, infections, preeclampsia, problems during labor and the use of pain medications, C-section complications, and miscarriage. Even if there are no complications during pregnancy and childbirth, the baby will still be at risk of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.

Overweight and Obese
A person is considered overweight if she has more body fat than she is supposed to have for her height. There is a chart called body mass index which uses a person’s height and weight to determine if she has excess body fat. Overweight and obese are two different categories although some people confuse the two terms all the time. A woman is considered overweight if the body mass index is between 25 to 29, but she is obese if her BMI is 30 and higher. Although there are some contentions to the use of BMI to detect obesity, because some athletes and weightlifters can be classified obese, it is still the most reliable measurement tool.

Your Weight Affects the Baby
Studies show that a person’s birth weight will also affect the body mass index later in life, because as a fetus, the body will try to adapt itself to the supply of nutrients by changing the metabolism and physiology. This is called fetal programming, and it affects the person even into adulthood; that is why it is common for overweight or obese parents to also have overweight or obese children.

Getting Pregnant When Overweight
It does not mean overweight women are discouraged to have children, but they need to be aware of the risks involved in the process and to be prepared to address the issue. A pregnant woman must be given advice on diet and exercise for weight control. You are not required to lose weight suddenly, but there is a guideline to how much weight you’re supposed to maintain during your pregnancy. The focus instead is on not gaining extra weight and to avoid the complications listed above.

Care During Pregnancy
Obese women can still have healthy pregnancies through careful monitoring and guidance from a team of doctors. To monitor your health, you will need occasional testing for gestational diabetes, fetal ultrasound, fetal echocardiography, and a diet program from a dietitian. Regular prenatal care is a must, along with a healthy diet, safe workout routine, and a prescribed list of medications and supplements recommended by doctors.

Are You at Risk of Lung Cancer?

Is smoking the only cause of lung cancer or are there other factors that increase the risk of developing the disease? Here are the things you need to know about lung cancer, its prevention, and its available treatments.

Smoking is A Huge Factor
Most people who develop lung cancer were smokers, and even those who inhale secondhand smoke can also be at risk. This does not mean that you will surely have lung cancer, but you have a higher risk of developing the illness than those who do not smoke or inhale secondhand smoke. If a person decided to quit smoking, his/her chances of developing the illness might decrease, but it’s still not a guarantee. One type of lung cancer called small cell lung cancer affects mostly those who are heavy smokers.

Exposure to Carcinogens
Carcinogens are substances that can cause cancer, but they do not have to be substances that you take into your body like food. Prolonged exposure to them at home or at your workplace will increase your risk of getting lung cancer. Some carcinogens associated with the condition besides smoking are pollutants, workplace chemicals, chromium, arsenic, nickel, cadmium, beryllium, silica, coal products, chloromethyl ethers, vinyl chloride, mustard gas, diesel exhaust, and asbestos.

Exposure to Radon Gas
People who are also exposed to a radioactive gas called radon are also at risk. Radon is a natural byproduct of the broken-down uranium found in the earth, rocks, and water. It is generally safe, but if inhaled in high levels, it becomes a carcinogen. Unfortunately, it’s not easy to tell how much you have been exposed to because radon is part of the air that you breathe. There is a way to test the radon levels at home if you live in an area where radon levels may be high.

Family History of Cancer
Maybe you don’t smoke, but you have family members who have had had cancer. This will increase your risk of developing the disease, regardless of the type of cancer. However, most people affected by lung cancer are over the age 45, although young people are not exempted.

History of Lung Diseases
People who have had lung problems in the past are also at risk, especially if you are also a smoker. Diseases that damage the lungs or the airways can potentially cause respiratory problems such as tuberculosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Long-term lung diseases and lung infections such as pneumonia will be more difficult to treat among smokers.

Weak Immune System
People who get sick easily may have weak immune systems or they might have an existing condition that lowers their immunity such as HIV, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. Medications taken after organ transplants also affect a person’s immunity, as well as undergoing radiotherapy for other types of cancer will also put a person at risk for lung cancer.

11 Great Uses of Aloe Vera You Might Not Know

Over the years, there have been thousands of ways people use aloe vera. Popularly known as the ‘miracle plant,’ it has been known since in the ancient times that it’s a cure all for anything from sunburn to symptoms of cancer, and today it is in a lot more products than you could imagine. You can find it in lotions, shampoos, cosmetic products and even in food and juices.

Here are more unique ways aloe vera gel can be used that you might have not known.

1. As Shaving Cream

Many beauty experts in Singapore swear by pure aloe gel as the best shaving cream. It is slippery, allowing for a smooth, close shave; it is antiseptic, making it great for nicks; and it moisturizes as well. You can use the gel alone or combine it with other skin nourishing ingredients for a more skin potent product.

2. As Asthma Inhalant

If suffering from asthma, mix a good amount of aloe gel in boiling water and inhale the steam for immediate relief. The gel’s anti-inflammatory compounds help lower mucus production and inflammation in the lungs. For those suffering from sore throat, mix some aloe gel in water and gargle it three times a day.

3. As Soothing Ice Cubes

Get yourself an ice tray, fill it up with aloe vera gel and then place it in the freezer. Pop one or two of these frosty cubes and rub them onto the skin after too much sun exposure or on bug bites and other irritated areas of the skin.

4. As Grooming Solution for Pets
If you have a pet, you know how tricky it is to clean the nooks and crannies of your pet’s ears. Aloe gel from www.aloeverasg.com in Singapore is the easiest and safest solution for this. Just apply some gel to your pet’s ears and use clean cotton buds or cloth to wipe it off, along with all the grime and dirt from your pet’s ears.

5. As Medication for Headache

Aloe vera gel can be rubbed on the forehead to soothe fever and headache. It isn’t as crazy as it sounds, since the miracle plant contains salicylic acid, which has pain-killing properties and is the main ingredient of aspirin. You can also take aloe vera as a drink to alleviate headache. Its anti-inflammatory properties will help reduce muscle tension that could be causing headaches and migraines.

6. As Baby Wipes

Manufacturers use aloe vera as part of the main ingredients of baby wipes for a reason. In fact, it’s harder to find any kind of wipes that has no aloe vera in it. The moisturizing, soothing and antiseptic powers of aloe have been used by manufacturers of skin care products for both babies and adults. If you wish to go as natural as possible on your baby, you can find aloe vera in Singapore that’s 100% all natural. Apply some on your baby’s skin after every bath/wash to soothe nappy rash and other skin irritations.

7. As a Facial Wash

Aloe vera is widely used in many cosmetic products in Singapore because of its many skin benefits, but only a few knows that the aloe gel straight from the plant can be used as a face wash. Combine a tablespoon of aloe gel and a teaspoon each of lemon juice and almond milk. Wash it on your face and let it sit for one to two minutes before washing it off Since aloe vera has antibacterial properties, it is highly recommended for people with rosacea, breakouts and sensitive skin.

8. As Gargle for Bad Breath

When you feel like you are having a bad breath case, drink up a mixture of a quarter cup of aloe gel diluted in half a cup of apple juice or water. Aloe gel contains anti-inflammatory property B-sitosterol, which soothes and aids indigestion—one of the common causes of bad breath. However, do not consume aloe mixture in large doses; any aloe drink can work like laxative when taken in large amounts.

9. As an Eyebrow Gel
We love thick eyebrows, but tidiness is the key. Instead of tweezing those extra strands, use some aloe gel to keep your brown tamed. Dip a disposable mascara wand in some aloe vera gel and then sweep it over your brows to keep in place without getting that hard-like-gel result. And if you did go overboard with the tweezers, mix a part of aloe gel with a part of castor oil. It helps over-plucked brows to grow in faster.

10. As Hand Sanitizer

Hate the drying feeling your hand sanitizer gives every after use? Make your own moisturizing antiseptic solution by mixing half a cup of aloe gel, a quarter cup of alcohol and 20 drops of essential oil of your choice, and transfer it in a spritz bottle. The alcohol sanitizes, while the aloe keeps your hand moisturized.

11. As an Effective Exfoliator

It’s not the most exciting part of skin care, but regular exfoliation is important to keep your skin looking youthful. Aloe vera is a great base for a body scrub, because of all its great properties that will leave your skin smooth and supple. Mix half a cup of aloe gel with the right amount of baking soda or brown sugar to achieve a pasty consistency. Then, rub it on your arms, elbows, heels or wherever else you need exfoliating when taking a shower.

Aloe vera is a potent natural cure for many conditions. Be sure to check with your GP in Singapore especially if using it for medicinal purposes. But you can keep a tub of your favourite aloe vera product in the fridge to soothe minor skin irritations like insect bites, rashes and sunburns.

Are You Getting Enough Sleep?

Today’s fast-paced life demands so much from our bodies. Getting the right amount of sleep everyday for most of your life is only possible if you don’t have to work or study. Most of us at least has had one day in our lives when we had to stay up late.

For those who are working full-time and have a family to look after, getting eight hours of sleep is a luxury. We can’t just disregard our responsibilities, but our body’s natural sleep and wake cycle is interrupted. Not everyone can also adapt quickly to changes in sleeping patterns. Moreover, you can’t make up for loss sleep later in the week because that will only interrupt your body’s sleeping pattern.

Causes of Sleep Loss

Some people suffer from sleeping disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea. Other medical conditions also cause sleep deprivation such as anxiety and depression. Medications may also cause loss of sleep.

For most of us, the cause is lifestyle. We often choose to lose a few hours of sleep so we watch late night shows or maybe for more noble reasons such as doing homework or waking up to feed the baby.

The Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep loss can cause the following: rapid aging, weight gain, depression and anxiety, and other health problems like heart diseases. The immune system has an overall weaker response.

Lack of sleep can also lead to accidents because of drowsiness, poor memory and cognitive processes, and poor judgment. You become moody and unable to focus on anything. Another effect is micro sleep. You fall asleep for a few seconds unknowingly. In extreme cases, some start to have hallucinations.

How Much Do You Need

A lot of things are going on inside your body while you sleep. Growth hormones are released while children and young adults sleep. Your body is able to repair and rest some of the functions it performs when you’re active.

The average hours of sleep needed is determined by age. Infants less than a year old need 12 to 17 hours of sleep. Toddlers need between 11 to 14 hours. Children aged 3 to 5 years old need 10 to 13 hours. Six to 13-year-olds need an average of 9 to 11 hours. Teenagers should at least sleep for 8 to 10 hours. Young adults and adults within the age bracket of 18 to 65 should have an average of 7 to 9 hours. Older adults will need 7 to 8 hours of sleep.

Get Enough Sleep

Practice good sleeping habits because it’s a necessity. Even if you work hard late at night, that will not improve your quality of life overall. It will all go to waste if your health is jeopardized.

Try to keep a consistent sleeping pattern everyday as much as possible. If you have a hard time sleeping, relax and do activities that will help you sleep, such as reading a book. Your bedroom should be conducive for sleeping and try to cut down on the caffeine.

Burning Remedies  

It is important that we act immediately whether it is a serious burn or not. When we encounter burns, we sometimes get stunned but experts always remind us to be calm and think clearly. There are many burn victims here in Singapore. Some serious cases might be avoided if the victim or the people around them knew what to do.

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We have to be prepared so when we encounter burns, we will act immediately. There are first air remedies that we can consider. Here are the burning remedies:

  • For all types of burns: The first thing that we should do when faced by burning is to stop it right away. We have to do our best to stop the victim’s contact with steam, liquid and other material that accelerates burning. Furthermore, we have to tell the victim to “stop, drop and roll” to restrict the flames. The next thing that we should do is take off the victim’s clothing, jewellery and belts for burns can swell easily.
  • For first-degree burns: When we hear first-degree burns, it usually affects the top layer of the skin. The basic thing that we should do is cool the burn. The most effective thing that we can do is hold the burned part into running water (not cold water) until the sting subsides. The next thing that should be done is to protect the burn by covering it with non-adhesive and sterile bandage. The final stage is to treat the pain. OTC pain relievers like Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen and Naproxen. If the pain continues, it is time to bring the victim to the doctor.

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  • For second-degree burns: Second-degree burns affects top two layers of the skin. The first remedy is to cool the burn by immersing it for ten to fifteen minutes. We have to be cautious not to apply ice. Using a non-stick and sterile bandage, we have to protect the burn. If the victim is also suffering other injuries, we have to lay him/her flat and elevate the feet about twelve inches. After the remedy, we have to call emergency and have the doctor check the victim.
  • For thirddegree burns: This is the most serious burn. When this happens, after stopping the victim’s contact with fire, we have to call emergency responders right away. While waiting for the medic, we need to protect the burning area using a clean sheet if sterile non-stick bandage is not available.

Facing burning is not easy but we have to know the remedies to help the victim. We have to be brave for them because when they suffer enough pain, their minds tend not to think clearly.

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