A Guide to the Different Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals not only keep your body in good health and functioning properly, but they also help to protect against certain diseases that can be contracted because of the body’s deficiencies in these certain vitamins and minerals, such as scurvy or rickets.

There are two categories of vitamins: water-soluble (expelled by the body once it can’t absorb any more) and fat-soluble (leftover amounts that can’t be absorbed by the body are stored in fat cells), while minerals are found in food in varying amounts and travel throughout your system in various ways.

Different vitamins and minerals perform different functions to keep the body healthy.  


Vitamins are organic substances found in all kinds of fresh foods, ranging from meats, vegetables, dairy products, and nuts and legumes. They can either be dissolved in water or in fat.

The following vitamins are water-soluble:

B-Vitamins – Parts of enzymes needed to metabolize energy and maintain various organ systems, such as the nervous and digestive system, throughout the body.

C – Ascorbic Acid, an antioxidant that keeps the immune system healthy and aids in iron absorption.

H – Biotin, enzyme that helps metabolize fatty acids and leucine.  

These are the following fat-soluble vitamins:

A – Beta carotene, needed for healthy eyes, teeth, and skin.

D – 1, 25-dihydroxy vitamin D, which is involved in proper calcium absorption

E – Tocopherol, antioxidant used in protecting cell walls

K – Necessary enzyme used in the process of proper blood clotting


Minerals are inorganic substances (most of them can be found on the periodic table) that aid in many bodily processes. However, because they are inorganic, they can only be acquired through eating food. Two types of minerals are macrominerals and microminerals, or trace minerals.

Macrominerals are minerals that the body needs in larger doses in order to perform and carry out crucial functions. Here are a few examples of macrominerals:  

Calcium – Aside from bone formation, calcium also aids in other functions throughout the body, such as nerve signaling, secreting of hormones, and proper blood pressure.

Phosphorus – A crucial DNA and RNA component, partly responsible for the process of converting food into energy and nutrients, as well as carrying them into the various organs that need them.

Potassium – This macromineral and electrolyte is crucial for keeping the body’s heart rate stable, as well as in maintaining nervous system signals and muscle function. 

Microminerals, or trace minerals, are the minerals that your body only requires in small doses, such as the following:

Copper – Essential trace element and anti-oxidant crucial to forming red blood cells, metabolizing energy, and maintaining immune system and nervous system functions.

Iron – Muscle formation, and is responsible for maintaining healthy blood.

Fluoride – Crucial in the healthy formation of tooth enamel.

Selenium – An anti-oxidant that regulates thyroid hormones.

How to Take Care of the Different Types of Flooring for Your Home

Flooring does a lot to enhance a home both in terms of visual appeal and practicality, as a hard concrete floor can be uncomfortable and unsavory to walk over on a daily basis. Different types of flooring require different amounts and methods of maintenance, such as the following:


Vinyl is perhaps the simplest type of flooring to maintain because of how it is manufactured. To keep vinyl flooring in its best condition, be sure to remove any loose dust by sweeping or vacuuming on a daily basis, and clean it with a mop on a weekly basis if you have the time.

To treat stains on vinyl flooring, spot-clean them with a neutral detergent and a nylon pad from the outside of the stain, and gradually work your way to the center.

Ceramic Flooring Tiles

While flooring tiles are not as resistant to scratching (which makes placing protective pads a priority in taking care of them), they can be surprisingly resistant to most stains. Reflective tiles are an example of this – all you need to clean stains is a mop.

However, when it comes to non-reflective tiles, some care should be taken in cleaning them as they can trap dust and collect stains over time. Apart from regularly sweeping them with a broom or a vacuum cleaner, brushing them with neutral detergent can work wonders.


Preserving hardwood floors can be quite tricky because of their delicate structure. For instance, using spiked shoes can leave lasting depressions or scratching on the hardwood planks/boards that may be impossible to conceal, and using certain cleaners can deteriorate them.

Be sure to place protective floor pads under heavy furniture. Place a floor mat at every entrance or exit to minimize staining the hardwood, as these are the areas of the house that will end up trapping the highest amount of dust and corrosive substances.


There are many different types of stones used as flooring, ranging from marble, to granite, to limestone, to even slate. They generally fall under two major categories: siliceous stone, which is durable and easy to clean using mildly acidic detergents; and calcareous stone, which is quite sensitive to acidic cleaning products.

Do not apply muriatic acid to clean stone floors under any circumstance, especially if your stone floor is made of a calcareous stone such as marble or limestone. Even if your stone floor is resistant to mildly acidic detergent, muriatic acid will still dissolve the flooring.

As much as possible, take the time to consult a professional on the proper way to clean your floor.