What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is often mistaken for acne because the symptoms appear similar at first glance, however, rosacea is a different skin condition that needs a different type of treatment from acne.

Who is At Risk of Rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that usually affect individuals in their 30s or older and may recur over time. The first symptoms usually appear on the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin like that of acne. Other parts of the body such as the eyes, scalp, ears, neck, and chest can also be affected. The skin of the affected individual will appear red, bumpy, and swollen. In some cases, bumps or pimples also appear. In severe cases, rosacea can deform a person’s nose in a condition known as rhinophyma, making it appear lumpy, red, and bulbous.

What are the Symptoms of Rosacea?
You need to consult a dermatologist if you see the following signs: flushing or blushing that comes and goes, redness or sunburnt-like appearance especially on the face, appearance of pimples and bumps that look like acne, stinging or burning pain on the bumps and pimples, and the blood vessels that appear visible on the surface of the skin. You should also look out for the following signs: dry or rough skin, itching and tightness of the skin, eye irritation (bloodshot or watery eyes), skin thickening, swelling of the face or edema, and plaques on the skin.

What are the Types of Rosacea?
There are four types of rosacea that must be identified during your checkup; these are, phymatous rosacea or the thickening of the skin and enlargement of the nose; ocular rosacea that causes dry or swollen eyes and may lead to blindness; erythematotelangiectatic rosacea or redness of the skin; and papulopustular rosacea or redness of the skin and the appearance of pimples and bumps. Some individuals can have one or more types of rosacea at the same time and the severity of each will differ as well.

How is Rosacea Treated?
Before any treatment is recommended, the doctor will have to make sure that the symptoms are not caused by another illness or medical condition. There is no test to determine if it’s rosacea, but the doctor might recommend tests for allergies, lupus, and other conditions. Unfortunately, rosacea cannot be cured, although most treatments are effective at reducing the symptoms. You will have to work with the doctor to find and avoid the triggers of the symptoms, observe the recommended skin care routine, and to protect yourself from the sun because it’s more sensitive than others’ skin. If you want to clear up the marks left by rosacea on your face, the doctor can also recommend several treatments depending on the severity and the location of the symptoms. There are different methods for addressing ocular rosacea, redness, skin breakouts, and thick skin.